Indicators of Integration with Graduation and Technical courses
The process of creation of the PPCIC emanates from initiatives coming from the colleges of the technical courses of computer science and graduations in computation of the CEFET/RJ. For this reason, the PPCIC faculty focus on the relationships between these three levels of education. This initiative is adherent to the PDI of CEFET/RJ. Specifically in the case of the PPCIC, all of the institution’s teachers, without exception, interact with the undergraduate and/or technical course teaching classes, guiding scientific initiation projects and end-of-course projects. In addition to the offer of compulsory courses in the curriculum of undergraduate courses, introductory elective courses were created in other disciplines foreseen in the master’s degree, with the objective of stimulating interest, preparing and bringing undergraduate students closer to the activities developed in the PPCIC.
It is hoped that such initiatives to strengthen this integration can be observed by the number of undergraduate students who participate in the selection process and join the Program. It should be noted that the undergraduate course in Computer Science at CEFET/RJ was recognized at the end of 2016 by INEP/MEC with concept 4 (of a scale ranging from 1 to 5) during the period of this four-year period 2013-2016.
The following are described several integration actions with the graduation that bring reciprocal benefits:
Offer of undergraduate and technical courses
The teachers of the PPCIC minister several disciplines in the course of Bachelor of Science in Computer Science, Technical Course of Informatics and other undergraduate courses of the institution, according to the timetable declared in Sucupira in a specific area. In addition to the offer of compulsory courses in the curriculum of undergraduate courses, introductory electives were created in other master’s disciplines in order to stimulate interest, prepare and bring undergraduate students closer to the activities developed in the PPCIC.
Particularly in the discipline of Applied Research Practice and in the other elective disciplines associated with the PPCIC, undergraduate students have the opportunity to interact with students of the master’s degree, who support the discipline through a teaching internship, and Program laboratories. The offer of undergraduate courses is also ensured by the institutional norms for accreditation and maintenance of teaching accreditation in CEFET/RJ postgraduate programs, which establish that all teachers, to act in the post – Graduation must provide, at least, a subject in graduation or high school/technical (when applicable).
The integration of the PPCIC also occurs alongside the other high school disciplines taught at this institution, in view of the fact that in many of them there are relevant aspects of Data Science in Education, such as, for example, a historical analysis of achievement in basic subjects (Mathematics, Portuguese, History, Biology, Physics and Chemistry) by secondary and fundamental school students, since these data are extremely important to be implemented Pedagogical quality policies in educational institutions. In addition, many of the scientific initiation researches use various data obtained from various disciplines at the middle and fundamental levels (through partnerships with municipal schools).
With regard to scientific initiation, CEFET/RJ offers two programs: the Scientific Initiation (PIBIC) and the Scientific Initiation of Secondary Education (PIBIC-EM). Annually, a public notice is issued for the granting of scientific initiation grants funded by PIBIC and PIBIC-EM Programs. The institution has 80 scientific initiation fellowships (30 funded by CNPq and 50 funded by CEFET/RJ) and 40 fellowships for scientific initiation (20 funded by CNPq and 20 funded by CEFET/RJ). Even students not granted a scholarship grant can undertake scientific initiation, provided that they comply with all the activities and requirements of the Program (submission of the project in the period established by the edict, frequency, presentation of reports and participation in the Seminar of Scientific and Technological Initiation) .
PIBIC is accompanied by an internal committee and an external committee, which is composed of CNPq researchers. In 2006-07 (last evaluation of PIBIC programs made available by CNPq), PIBIC of CEFET/RJ was ranked 5th in the list of all Brazilian institutions evaluated. The scholarships are distributed based on the current classification criteria established by the local committee. The results of the projects are presented by the students in the Seminar of Scientific and Technological Initiation of CEFET/RJ, an annual event promoted by the Institution, and the abstracts are published in the Book of Abstracts edited By the Institution’s graph. Since 2013, the Seminar of Scientific and Technological Initiation is held in the Extension Week along with the Seminar of Research and Post-Graduation. The event is commonly supported by FAPERJ through the APQ2 (Event Support) Program.
Throughout the quadrennium 2013-2016, PPCIC faculty guided 65 Scientific Initiation projects of undergraduate or middle-technical students.
Course Completion Work
The PPCIC faculty members, who attend graduation courses, regularly conduct end-of-course projects. In addition to the guidelines, the PPCIC teachers also collaborate regularly participating in the project’s defense booths. The final projects of CEFET/RJ are developed in two periods (Final Project I and Final Project II) and can be carried out in a group of no more than three students.
There are institutional norms for the elaboration of these projects, and their defense follows the pattern similar to the defense of a dissertation. In addition to acting as mentors, the PPCIC teachers Eduardo Ogasawara and Eduardo Bezerra led the reformulation of the standard of elaboration of CCWs that requires the execution of experimental evaluation. This initiative produced a significant improvement in the quality of CBTs, without increasing complexity. As a result, several works served as a basis for the production of scientific articles.
Throughout the quadrennium 2013-2016, the PPCIC teachers guided 52 graduation projects.
Seminars of the School of Informatics and Computing
Since 2015, the School of Informatics and Computing (EIC) seminars have been organized weekly. The seminars are taught by researchers of relevance to our state, graduate students, undergraduate and high school technicians. The seminars are part of an official extension project that is open to the community. The schedule is available on the EIC portal. The aim of the seminars is to stimulate the interest of students in undergraduate and post-secondary technical education in participating in research projects and have been fruitful in the area of interaction between postgraduate, undergraduate and secondary technical education.
Notes in Applied Computing
Finally, as a way to prepare undergraduate students for postgraduate studies, the PPCIC teachers created the journal Notes em Computação Aplicada (CCA – in Portuguese). The purpose of this electronic journal is to promote the publication of articles originating from the undergraduate degree, either by Completion Works (TCC) or Scientific Initiations (CI). It is hoped that this journal will stimulate the students in the exercise of scientific and technological publication, besides involving them more and more in research activities. In particular, the publication of articles resulting from their TCCs should encourage them to develop more qualified end-of-course papers and to continue their studies in a postgraduate course. The editorial staff of the journal is composed of several researchers from Brazil, including UFF, UFRJ, UFRJ, UERJ, IME, LNCC and Inmetro.
An important feature of standing out from the CCA is its educational character. In this sense, the editorial staff of the journal encourages authors to submit their accepted papers in the CCA to other more relevant forums. The magazine may even indicate a potential forum for submission. Articles accepted and submitted to another forum appear on the site of the journal as preprint , and subsequently replaced with a reference to its formal publication in another forum.
Another issue that shows the integration with Graduation is the use of the PPCIC laboratories by undergraduate and high school students. This intrastructure is made available to students who develop scientific initiation projects, final projects or who are attending a course that requires the use of equipment and software installed in the PPCIC laboratories. This sharing of physical space is encouraged as a way to increase the interaction between undergraduate and graduate students, as well as the inclusion of undergraduate students in an environment specifically geared to research activities.
Structuring Teaching Nucleus
There is also the participation of teachers of the PPCIC in the Structuring Teaching Nucleus (NDE – in Portuguese) of the Bachelor’s Degree Computer Science (BCC) and the Course of Computer Engineering (CE) of CEFET / RJ. Teachers Eduardo Ogasawara and Jorge Soares are part of the NDE of the BCC, recognized with concept 4 by INEP / MEC. Professor Laura Assis is also part of the NDE of the EC and is current coordinator of the EC course. The professors Eduardo Bezerra, Gustavo Guedes have already acted as Department Heads and Coordinators of the BCC course.
According to the CONAES Resolution n 01 of June 17, 2010:
Art. 1 . The Structured Teaching Core (NDE) of an undergraduate course consists of a group of teachers, with academic attributions of follow-up, active in the process of conception, consolidation and continuous updating Of the course’s pedagogical project.
Sole paragraph. The NDE should be made up of members of the faculty of the course, who exercise academic leadership within the scope, perceived in the production of knowledge in the area, in the development of teaching, and in other understood dimensions As important by the institution, and that act on the development of the course.
Coordination of Supervised Internship
The supervised internship of CEFET / RJ undergraduate courses has regulations that provide for the monitoring and evaluation of the activities developed by the students. The supervised internship has a 360 hour workload and must be carried out in a company that has an agreement with the Institution. Professor João Quadros was responsible for coordinating this activity in the course of Computer Science.
The teaching internship is an obligatory activity for the scholarship students of the PPCIC. In addition, it is also encouraged that non-scholarship students can dedicate themselves to this activity to increase the interaction between undergraduate and postgraduate students. It is stimulated that the activity of teaching internship takes place in the discipline of the graduation of Applied Research Practice. The student João Antônio Ferreira, for example, is not a scholarship holder and has already started his masters degree in teaching in the Applied Research Practice discipline, guiding a group of two students. These students have already begun to work on the exploration of subjects related to their dissertation. This interaction increased the interest of both the master’s student and undergraduate students who became interested in the subject as well. These may choose it as a work topic for completion of the course, serving as a stimulus to potentially develop them in the future masters.
It is noteworthy, therefore, that it is a strategic part of both the undergraduate and postgraduate pedagogical project to use, in an integrated way, the Applied Research Practice Course as a mechanism that induces topics for course completion work. This has the advantage that the level of TCCs increases and the research challenges in the case of PPCIC are explored. This action aims to consolidate the research in progress in the PPCIC and stimulates new admissions to the masters coming from the base of the course of baccalaureate in Computer Science.